Our approach to sustainability follows in the footsteps of the United Nations Brundtland Commission that defined sustainability as “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (UN, 2019). Developed for Earth, this definition mirrors the objective of our Lunar Sustainability Goals to extend sustainability efforts and practices on Earth to the Moon. This is particularly relevant when considering the evolution of a lunar base that will not only need to build upon the lessons learnt from Earth, but also offer opportunities and insights into how to improve life on our planet.


       The Lunar Sustainability Goals set out in this project are intended to serve as a framework for all space actors, and should be used as guidelines that all lunar and cislunar space activity should consider. Inspired by the UN SDGs on Earth, these goals aim to address sustainability challenges before they become critical. In areas such as Space Debris Mitigation (Goal 11) these issues are already pressing concerns for policy makers and all involved in the space sector. For other goals, our target is to use our experience from the evolution of activity on Earth, particularly regarding our impact on the environment, to promote good behaviors in the use of the Moon.


    For every one of our Lunar Sustainability Goals, a series of targets and drivers have been developed in key areas that must be addressed to make progress towards achieving the goals. The targets serve to expand key themes of the goal, define what needs to be addressed, and allow for simultaneous progress to be made in different areas relating to each goal. Each target is accompanied by a number of drivers, which set out how progress can be made towards achieving each subset of the goal.